心を伝える!ムガール TV

日本に心を伝えるムガール.イスラム文化講演

フマユン・ムガール ジャーナリスト、イスラム評論家
パキスタン出身。イスラマバード大学日本語専攻卒業後、
パキスタンの日本大使館、外務省の通訳に従事。1984年、
日本国際交流基金の日本語選抜試験でトップとなり招待来日。
九州大学で心理学を学ぶ。1987年よりペルシャ絨毯店を経営。
イスラム文化研究会主宰として講演活動や「朝まで生テレビ」やスパイス&ハーブ料理愛好家としてテレビにも出演。
英語、ウルドゥー語、パンジャーブ語、日本語の4言語を話し、国際会議や法廷通訳としても活動。
パキスタン国営テレビPTVの海外特派員として活動中。
著書:イスラムは日本を変えるか!文芸社



 

長崎から世界平和をムガール氏&小坂達也トークセッション

ムガールトークライブ

Turuk Mosque in Tokyo Jami

東京ジャミの紹介です。東京モスク

Tokyo Talk show live Urdu

Tokyo Talk show live Urdu

Host by Humayun Mughal

Part 1 live  at

livestream.com

 

Part 2

livestream.com

 

British Lord Nazir Ahmed and Humayun Mughal speech at Japenese Parliament

British Lord Nazir Ahmed and Humayun Mughal

Speech at Japanese Parliament conference

 

(Tokyo Japan) Lord Ahmed speaking at the Japan Parliament said that ” ISIS has nothing to do with Islam as much as the Buddhist monks who kill Muslims in Burma and Sri Lanka have nothing to do with that religion . He said that the Christian Lords Army in Africa kills innocent people and Christians in Central African Republic have driven Muslims out of their homes. These evil people use peaceful religions of Islam , Buddhism and Christianity for their violent ambitions .
Lord Ahmed analysed the failure of the Arab Spring in Libya , Yemen, Egypt and Tunisia and the civil war in Syria and Iraq… He compared the Christian war from 1618-1648 in Europe and expressed fears of Shia /Sunni conflict going on in the Muslim world today…
He called for the reform of the UN Security Council and strongly demanded peacemaking role of the UN in war-torn areas .. Lord Ahmed asked Japan to play an active role in peacemaking in the Middle East .
He praised their $1.4 billion for the Palestinians over some years..

nazp2mughal@gol.com  090-9791-3557

 

Pakistani media personality in japan meeting with Finance Senator Mohammad Ishaq Dar

Paksitan Finance Senator Mohammad Ishaq Dar held a meeting with pakistani media personality in japan.
پاکستان کے وزیر خزانہ جناب اسحق ڈار صاحب ، جاپان کی دعوت پر تین دن کے دورے پر ہیں ۔
یہاں انہوں نے ، دورے کے اخری دن ، تارکین وطن پاکستانیوں کے ، جاپان میں میڈیا کے طور پر خدمات انجام دینے والے لوگوں سے بھی ایک پندرہ منٹ کی ملاقات کا وقت دیا ۔
یہاں ، ہمایوں مغل صاحب نے وزیر خزانہ کو ، مشہور زمانہ جاپانی ریسلر جناب انوکی کا پیغام پہنچایا کہ انوکی صاحب پاکستا ن میں توانائی کے شعبے میں کام کرنے کے لئے خواہش اور وسائل رکھتے ہیں ۔
یاد رہے کہ انوکی صاحب سیاست میں بھی عمل دخل رکھتے ہیں اور اس وقت جاپان کی اسمبلی کے رکن ہیں ۔ ان کے پاس خاصی بڑی رقم کا بجٹ ہے جو کہ وہ جاپان سے باہر غریب ممالک کی ترقی پر استعمال کر سکتے ہیں ۔
ہمایوں صاحب نے اس بات کا بھی اعادہ کیا کہ غیر تکنیکی ہونے کی وجہ سے ان کو انوکی صاحب کے پوجیکٹ کی زیادہ سمجھ نہیں لگی ہے اس لئے ، انوکی صاحب کے پروجیکٹ کو سرکاری ماہرین کی توجہ میں لا کر اس معالے کو اگے بڑہایا جائے ۔
وزیر خزانہ نے اسی وقت جاپان میں پاکستان کے سفیر صاحب کو اس بات کے نوٹ کرنے اور اگے بڑھانے کا حکم جاری کردیا ۔

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Let me come to Pakistan Book

Daily English News Paper in Pakisatn. Published 3rd Sept 2000 Sunday.

The Nation Review

By Dr. Afzal Mirza

bookeng.gif

Let me come to Pakistan

An expatriate’s View
Dr.Afzal Mirza states that the Author of this work,a Pakistani long settled in japan,has done a commendable job in presenting some solutions to the problems facing us from his peculiar perspective.

LOOKING AT PAKISTAN FROM JAPANESE PERSPECTIV

Dr. Afzal Mirza

I was keen to read this book because it reminded me of my visit to Japan in 1981. It was for me a bewildering experience. After having visited America and Europe it was the most impressive dispensation in the world. It overtook me rather it overawed me with its colossal
development. It was an example of how nations with limited space and resources could undertake super-human leaps towards progress. A sense of discipline was writ large on every thing. I always remembered that Japanese experience till those impressions were washed out by the routine of living in Pakistan with its objective conditions. Another reason for going through this book was my kin
S .Sikandar Khan, a scholar of Japanese history and culture who keeps on posting me with his articles on his Japanese experience and with news about Japanese Universities Alumni Association of Pakistan of which he is the Vice President. This keeps me in touch with the reality of Japan in this world.
The present book is neither an autobiography nor a travelogue but the impressions of a Pakistani living in Japan about the state of affairs in this country. The author Humayun Mughal hails from Rawalpindi. After taking diploma in Japanese language from the Foreign Languages Institute of Islamabad he left for Japan in 1985 where he joined Univerty in Tokyo for higher studies in Japanese language. There he met a Japanese girl the whom he married after converting her to Islam. He has four sons and a daughter and the pictures of the family adorn the book. After completing his education Humayun stayed on there and started business in carpets. Now he owns a show room in Japan and also works for newspapers and television as commentator. Last time he visited Pakistan was in November last year. General Musharaff had taken over the reins of the government on 12th October so every one in Japan and Pakistan was keen to know his views on the military take-over. It seems that instead of giving his comments individually to the people whom he came across he wrote a whole book on the subject.
The book Let me come to Pakistan opens with a picture of General Musharaff under which he writes, Dr.Iqbal’s message to General Parvez Musharaff and continues beneath it,
Tell general Musharaff that if this time Almighty God has given him the leadership of this lost nation then he should properly diagnose its ailment which is Illiteracy. As the darkness of ignorance would disappear the nation would appear in its true form.
The story and comments of Humayun are in fact the feelings of every expatriate Pakistani who has chosen to live abroad . It is interesting that when they are abroad then their patriotism and love for the motherland awakens and they feel strongly for the predicament of Pakistani nation. The reason could be that living in civilised societies provides them with an opportunity to compare Pakistan’s social order with the one prevailing in those countries and when they come back and see the perpetual deterioration then they want to do some thing for the country. Now in case of Humayun when he was asked by his children to do something for Pakistan he says, I am not so rich that I could pay off the 36 billion debt of the country but I can write a book and tell them some solutions for the problems of the country.
A friend asked him whether there was corruption in Japan.
Humayun replied that it was there but because of high rate of literacy the people were conscious enough to make the politicians accountable for their misdeeds. Thus once a prime minister is indicted for corruption he can never think of staging a come back. In Pakistan on the other hand due to ignorance and illiteracy the accountability process is just an eye wash and corrupt are not adequately punished. Two of our prime ministers who were removed from office with charges of corruption returned to power which is some thing unimaginable in Japan.
It seems that in spite of living away from Pakistan Humayun Mughal has not lost touch with his own country and had adequate knowledge of Pakistan’s past and present state of affairs. Unlike other expatriates who have scanty knowledge of the history of their motherland Humayun has traced the historical process from inception of Pakistan to date. He views the problems of the country in very clear perspective. For example in his imaginary meeting with Iqbal he pronounces Iqbal?s message in these words,
Go give my message to the people of Pakistan. Tell them that if they want democracy then they should elect for every seat candidates after thorough evaluation. If you will have shop keepers, traders,capitalists and selfish people to look after their own interests then what will they do for the people and country.Allama Iqbal tells him that for traders, shop keepers, industrialists and wealthy people chambers of commerce were enough.

Humayun has extensively quoted from his Japanese experience. He thinks that since he belonged both to Pakistan and Japan he was in a better position to compare the two. He says that people in both the countries are industrious but the difference is that Japanese work for the nation but Pakistanis work for themselves. Unfortunately we have not been able develop a sense of nationhood although our leaders specially Muhammad Ali Jinnah had repeatedly emphasised the need for forging national spirit and rising above themselves. In a chapter entitled Why Japan .?
Humayun points out that the first step taken by Japanese government after second world war was to introduce compulsory education. Those who tried to avoid it they were taught in jails. The primary students get excellent meals in their schools free of cost. Every morning every pupil is given a glass of milk to drink.. They are even given vitamins. Pakistan and Japan have almost equal population and Pakistan has the advantage of having natural resources which are missing in Japan but still Pakistan has not made any progress. The second thing is the lack of proper planning in Pakistan. The author tells us that fifty years ago the planners of Japan had prepared plans and had foretold how Japan would look in 2000. Now they are planning for year 2050. Fifty years ago they sent their intelligent people to USA and other advanced countries to learn the advanced technology and return back and apply it in their own country. They were not sent there permanently to earn foreign exchange and create shortage of brain power in their owncountry.
There was a time when Japanese things were considered as sub-standard. Today they excel in their quality and have surpassed American and European standard. Humayun concludes this chapter by emphasising the importance of education and thinks that it is the key factor for our progress.
Humayun’s account is full of examples and stories of the treatment meted out to him and his family whenever they visited Pakistan at the hands of customs, PIA people and others . Once his family was denied boarding cards when they had confirmed seats and when they approached a high-up he tried to extract money from them because he thought them lucrative source.
The plane was elayed for two hours on the prtyext of technical fault while in fact they were waiting for some VIPs. This and many other examples are there. And when his wife and children get upset on this account he tells them ,Just imagine that I lived most of my life in these circumstances.The author has not only pointed out the ailments but also given some solutions. For example he proposes that there should be a national army in Pakistan. His concept of a national army is different from the one found in former communist countries.
At one time Air Marshal Asghar Khan had also proposed to establish a national army in Pakistan but he wanted it to be on the lines of communist countries. Humayun thinks that regular army should also remain there but should be a wing of national army.
The function of national army according to the author should be to undertake developmental projects in all sectors. The training imparted to them will create a sense of discipline among people. After going through this plan one feels that this system will abolish police department and the functions of the national army will encompass all departments including railways, WAPDA, agriculture, education etc.
In the last chapter Humayun winds up saying that in order to stand on its own feet Pakistan needs three things desperately ,firstly Education for all, secondly a viable economy and thirdly a strong defence and national security system. Should the government of Pakistan permit him he would bring most modern agricultural technology to Pakistan. For this he could organise loan and training facilities for Pakistani experts in Japan. Besides this he wants to convert Pakistani railways to the Japanese system and wants to introduce forced education. He cites the example of Japanese? Bullet Train introduced by prime minister Tanaka thirty years ago that travels as fast as more than 500 kilometres an hour. In the words of flap writer Parvez Hamid, It is a unique book representing the feelings of Pakistanis living abroad written in an interesting style.

Translator`s Note

January 8, 2009 by  
Filed under Let me come to Pakistan

`The book ?Mujhe Pakistan Aane Do? was sent to me by The Nation for review. I found the book quite readable and although at places I did not see eye to eye with the author still I had a feeling that the author is a sincere person and has immense love for his country. In spite of living away from Pakistan for such a long time he had kept himself fully informed of the happenings in the country and had delved deep into the history of the country. His views are not conservative but liberal and he is still engaged in his research for finding the means to put the country back on the track to progress. So when he wrote to me with the desire to translate his book into English I agreed to undertake the venture in the best patriotic spirit.

As the critics would agree with me translation is not a simple art and it is more difficult when we translate from Urdu into English. Both the languages have their own individualistic spirit and diction. The metaphors we write in Urdu are foreign to English and vice versa. In this translation I have tried to remain faithful to the Urdu text and have not tried to add any thing from my side or make any excisions. I have tried to keep the flow of text in tact. I do not know how far I have succeeded. In the end I must say that the ideas contained in this book are Humayun Mughal?s and I have tried to convey them as best as I could.I am grateful to Humayun Mughal for co-operating with me through out this work.

Dr.Afzal Mirza ( Lahore Pakistan)

FOREWORD

January 8, 2009 by  
Filed under Let me come to Pakistan

Let me Come to Pakistan
By Humayun Mughal
( Translated by Dr. Afzal Mirza )

After visiting any country which is clean and free from lawlessness and law and order situation we the expatriate Pakistanis start praying that Pakistan may also become such a country also. We see in those countries that their factories are running three shifts in twenty four hours and a large number of skilled and unskilled workers are entering and leaving the work places. The stores have merchandise in abundance and
their prices are the same through out the country. If we buy a match box or a pack of cigarettes the shopkeeper issues a receipt for it.
If the prices are escalated after years then the reasons for this price increase are advertised through the media. The prices of every item are fixed after consultation with the consumer associations. If a theft or burglary takes place the police is so efficient that the culprit finds himself behind the bars in a few hours times and the articles are
retrieved from him which are returned to the owner. I do not say that foreign countries are crime free but the ratio of crime is too low as compared to our country. Mostly I shall talk about Japan because in Japan police officials are your friends and helpers. Instead of punishing the common man they help the common man to obey the law. In
Japan you can see any police officer without any hesitation and seek his assistance.
In contrast to this when we arrive in Pakistan on a very comfortable foreign airline we find that from Airport Security Force(ASF) to custom staff both senior and junior stare at us with piercing eyes and mercilessly insult the Pakistanis coming back from foreign
destinations. Sometimes we feel that we should return back from the airport. Before our eyes jumbo sized suit cases of important people are cleared just in the twinkling of an eye and the baggage of unimportant persons is checked many times with greedy eyes and they snatch as many items that they can lay hands on.
I shall say with lot of apology that we expatriates when travel in Pakistan International Airlines we are so much maltreated and insulted by the PIA staff that a sampling of it the reader will find in one of the chapters of this book. An okayed ticket is okayed many times and still the passenger is treated as if he is travelling without a ticket or as if we are criminals. Those people who have any doubt about my statement should see the long queues of Pakistanis going abroad outside the PIA office where they are asked to get the tickets okayed again and again and one has to visit the office day in and day out. Why PIA is going in loss? It is not due to dearth of passengers. The fares are
highest of all and still the PIA staff tries to fleece bribe out of the passengers and in case they fail to get some thing they usurp some of their items. After coming out of the airport the passengers arewelcomed? by the police men, the tax collectors and the taxi drivers.
We the expatriates send every month millions worth of foreign exchange every month and yet they are treated as criminals on arrival in their own land. The airlines world over not only thank their passengers but also present them gifts or package of concessions. The PIA high-ups should revise their attitude and its employees should perform their duties more efficiently so that the Pakistanis coming from abroad with
love and affection for their country do not shed tears on seeing the
attitude of their compatriots. The Pakistanis who work day and night diligently away from their motherland feel a strange fear when they want to come to see their dear ones. The fear is due to the rampant lawlessness that can result in the blood shed of innocent people in the twinkling of an eye. It happens every where in the world. But in those countries the lawbreakers are apprehended. Here the criminals are never hauled up. If the accused has a strong backing then police can make any body a ?criminal?. But where are the real culprits no body knows. The Pakistani expatriates want to invest in Pakistan but how can they invest here by passing commissions or using recommendation or bribing people. And supposing they succeed in crossing these hurdles then they are confronted with four times increase in the prices of electricity and petrol in a year and a monthly change in the prices of raw materials and those who impose new taxes do not have any guess how much taxes they had already imposed. The result would be that the investor or the factory owner would leave the country after shutting and locking the factory and return to the country he came from.
In a country where the economy is controlled by accountants, auditors or bankers instead of experts in economics the people will remain poor and the economy, agriculture and industry will remain in bad shape like in Pakistan. The Pakistanis living abroad want that there should be peace and rule of law every where in Pakistan. There should be so much prosperity that Pakistanis do not leave their country to work and earn
their livelihood. The rulers of the country should work with honesty and sincerity to improve country’s system. The manpower should be judiciously used to benefit from their labour. It should be used to build the country and secure its borders. The factories are run in three shifts in a day. The prices are kept stable and the proportion of
profit is reasonable. Pakistan should be turned into real Pakistan–.a respectable country whom no one could term as terrorist or narcotic supplier. The brain drain of skilled, educated and experts in modern technology is stopped and the new avenues of progress are created. We have become nuclear power. But Pakistanis need a high status and respectability. The government can not do it alone. There are duties of the common man as well. If the government will fulfil its duty then people will also attend to their obligations. For poverty alleviation in Pakistan a sum of twenty four or twenty five billion is just a joke. If we want to finish poverty from Pakistan we should develop our Industry, Agricultural Industry, and Agriculture . The people should be freed from the shackles of unemployment and poverty will automatically disappear. In this book there are many constructive proposals alongside criticism. May be many people would get upset on reading them but just read all this as a Pakistani living abroad who has returned to this land of the pure after years of hard and strenuous work.
May be these observations touch your heart.
(Humayun mughal) Japan

FROM THIS DISTANCE LAND

January 8, 2009 by  
Filed under Let me come to Pakistan

Dear Countrymen ! Pakistani Brothers & Sisters and all

Wherever you are in the world I wish you happiness and prosperity. You should work hard and attain progress and happiness. Your compatriot from Japan is sending greetings to you.

I am in this distant land
And it will be full moon night in my country

The real worth of one?s homeland can only be experienced by those who are sitting far away from their country like me. I am living here for years now. Many years have passed living in Japan and speaking Japanese. Whenever I see moon in the sky I feel as if Pakistan?s flag is hoisted in the vastness of sky and I feel from the core of my heart that this symbol of my homeland should always remain high and the memory of country kindles in whole of my body.
Whenever Japanese TV or newspapers carry any news about Pakistan my Japanese wife and children listen it very carefully and later discuss it with me. They try to understand the problem. It is immaterial whether it is social or political. They want me to explain it to them and also discuss it in details. In other words our small house here becomes Pakistan Parliament and I explain everything to them from my limited knowledge. My wife and children remember each detail of the discussion till next meeting. On October 13 1999 when the news about the change of government in Pakistan became known here my wife and children as usual also listened to the news and they raised this issue in front of their Pakistani ?Papa?. They were curious to know why and how such a thing happened and what would happen in the future. So I had to tell them that why was Pakistan founded in 1947. Who were our leaders and how long Muslims ruled in the sub-continent. What are the religious beliefs of Hindus, Sikhs and Christians. What was the attitude of these religious groups during the Muslim rule in India and then when the Muslim?s grip on power loosened how British entered the country. There is very scant literature about it here in Japan and whatever little literature is available it gives a different version of history. There are some writings on Qaid-e-Azam available here in Japanese language. Similarly there are some brief writings on Allama Iqbal in Japanese language also available here. But I keep on conveying these things to my family members and friends in detail .Many Japanese newspapers publish my articles and my views are aired by Japanese television. The plus point with me is that I can speak and write Japanese language with facility.

I came to Japan in 1985 and since then I am visiting Pakistan almost every year .I came here as a student and after learning Japanese language I had two options whether I should take up an employment or do business. In Japan it is quite easy to start a business. So I have opened a big showroom here where I sell the carpets and other handicrafts from Pakistan and its different regions. How did I get married? It was my great fortune that a very respectable family of Japan took me as their son in law. And my wife became a source of my progress and prosperity here for which I am deeply indebted to her. Last year in April I came to Pakistan with my wife and four children, My parents and other brothers and sisters live in Rawalpindi. After visiting that city I came down to Lahore. My wife and children thoroughly enjoyed their visit. They were impressed with the historic and the cultural heritage of Pakistan. They particularly liked the city of Lahore because there are number of buildings of Mughal period. They were deeply impressed with the architecture of that period. Incidentally I also belong to a Mughal family and we are known as Mughals on that account. My children are addressed in their schools with their family name Mughal .In the courses of Japanese schools Mughal history is also taught and my children and their friends often ask me questions on Mughal history. My visit to Pakistan in fact was in response to the questions my children generally asked me. In Lahore I took their photographs in the Mughal period buildings and made a movie as well which they showed to their friends after returning to Japan.
I had told these children a lot about the old history .of Mughal period but had told them nothing about Pakistani politics. But the incident that took place in Pakistan this time was political. In their schools the children are told about world politics so they are also becoming political-minded.. They discuss different aspects of world politics. Pakistan is a democratic country so is Japan. Then what is the difference in the democracy of both the countries? What is the difference between Pakistani and Japanese politicians? Such questions are asked not only by my wife and children but whosoever comes across me here. To answer those questions I wrote many columns in local Japanese newspapers and also appeared on television to present an analysis of political conditions. I told them about what I saw there and what was happening in today?s Pakistan. When I talked about the present objective conditions of Pakistan to my wife and children then they got worried about the huge debt that Pakistan owes to foreign donors. And asked me what I could do for Pakistan sitting in Japan. I told them that I am a hard-working Pakistani and am not so rich that I could help Pakistan in clearing its debt. But I can do one thing while living in Japan and this work is more important and useful for Pakistan than helping the country monetarily. This aroused their curiosity and they asked me how could I do that. On this I told them that I am a Pakistani and while leading a happy and prosperous life here I am still worried about the difficulties and problems of my country men, I think I can make my contribution towards creating a Pakistani mind by putting my ideas and feelings on a piece of paper. When I told my wife and children about Qaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his ideas they felt inspired. I compared the conditions of Pakistan and Japan and in very simple words explained to them the ideology of Pakistan which appealed to them very much. This is my endeavour that I should explain to my country men the Japanese experience in very simple language like one teaches the children it will be useful for Pakistan. Once a Japanese newspaper invited me for an interview on Pakistan. When they started questioning me I counter-questioned them saying that you want to talk about the branches and leaves of the tree what about its roots. Upon this they asked me to talk about the roots because everything about the leaves and branches is presently being published by the press we want to go to the roots?the basis of Pakistan.

Japan like Pakistan completed fifty two years of its existence but there is lot of difference between the conditions of the both these countries. Pakistan is in a better position than Japan as far as its geographical location and other conditions are concerned. If we make a comparative study of the natural resources and geographical position of the two countries we find a vast difference between them. Pakistan has vast tract of fertile land where corn is grown for centuries and there are orchards of sweet and delicious fruit. You can roam about freely in every part of the country. Besides these smooth lands there are high mountains filled with rich natural resources. Here are ever-flowing rivers that look like rivers of silver and gold. They not only irrigate the land but also make the weather pleasant. There are forests on the mountains that add to the country?s wealth. There are handsome, tall and healthy human beings who where ever they go can excel due to their intelligence, understanding and sobriety. The Nature has blessed very few countries of the world with such human potential and landscape. In Pakistan we have the biggest canal irrigation system that has no parallel. The people are healthy, the land is fertile and endowed with riches of natural resources , past is so great that even the history is proud of it. Then why are we in such a bad shape?

On the other hand when we look at Japan we see some uneven-shaped islands in a deep and vast sea. Where the weathers have a negative effect on the mood of the people. The atmospheric condition of the sea controls the conditions of this country. The land is hard and stony where fertile and green tracts are scarcely found. This land is hanging like a roof on volcanoes. Natural resources are few. Most of the eatables are imported. Canals are found no where but a couple of rivers are there which are not usefully exploited as in Pakistan or other countries. And the biggest thing is that in spite of being independent Japan is not independent at all. It has to face the numerous restrictions imposed by world powers. Pakistan on the other hand is a free country.

If we exemplify Pakistan as a fruit tree then one has to say with regret that its fruit is not sweet and delicious. The body, the branches and the leaves are not those of a healthy tree. It seems that something has been lacking in its nourishment and upbringing or there is something wrong with its roots. There exists some disease in its foundation because its shade is not so dense and pleasant and its fruit is not tasty and full of flavour. But on the tree called Japan grows a tasty and sweet fruit. People love to buy any thing stamped with ?Made in Japan? sign without any hesitation.

So before discussing its roots let us first discuss its seed. Pakistan has emerged from a seed which is called Islam?din(religion) of nature. So there can be no fault in that. Because the basis of Islam is Quran the last book revealed by God Almighty. We find all sorts of lessons in it which in essence mean ? The Muslims live in a society where justice is meted out to every individual including the speechless animals? . It shows that the seed of ideas and thoughts was right because it is outcome of a universal truth. Then where lies the problem? If we thoroughly analyse the situation it will be easier to understand. I told my children many times that we belong to Mughal family which in olden days consisted of many tribes. We belong to one of the many branches of Mughal dynasty. Since we are talking about India and Pakistan , so this story is much older than the Mughal dynasty. Mughals came to India about five hundred years ago and established their kingdom. There was a time that the Mughal empire extended from Karachi to Ras Kumari in the South and it included today?s Afghanistan, Bengal and Baluchistan.. The Mughal rule lasted for more than four hundred years. It is a part of history to which one can easily refer and read the details. What I have concluded from a study of the history is that during that period there were no religious or ethnic prejudices. Mughals who spoke Persian and Turkish languages established a government in India where majority of Hundus and followers of other religions lived. This government was not based on any one religion but on the principle of justice. In whole of India whosoever did not get justice could come and pull the chain of justice hanging outside the Mughal palace. Whether it was day or night the King would leave every thing and come out to listen to the grievance of the aggrieved person. He used to order immediate enquiry into the matter. The Muslim king used to provide justice to every citizen irrespective of his colour or creed. He would administer punishment even when his own wife was involved. There was no politics those days, no sectarianism. I remember having listened from grand parents that Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Christians all used to share their joys and miseries together. This judicious participation in the rituals of each other had tied all the religious groups together in a nationalistic relationship.

My grand father was an indigenous medical practitioner. It is said about him that when he would examine a patient he would never differentiate between a Hindu or a Muslim or Sikh or some one belonging to any other religion. He used to examine each patient with care and affection. He would provide him medicine as well as pray to Almighty God to bless him with a quick recovery. If he would find out that the patient was very poor he would not only provide him food but would also give him some cash . I had seen in my childhood that when he became very old my grand father would still regularly visit his clinic and treat the patients without any fee. I was quite young at that time and he would accommodate me in his lap and some time would give me money to buy a toffee or ice-candy. My grand father?s attitude was that of a sober and old person of that period.

The British came to India during Mughal period as traders. Some how they managed to get permission from the Mughal government to establish a trade centre in India. Gradually the Mughal government and other local Indian rulers started getting weaker and weaker and the British became stronger and stronger. Slowly and steadily they established their government in the whole of India. But it did not happen suddenly. On rest of India the British rule lasted for more than two hundred years but in the Punjab they ruled for only ninety years. During their period they created an atmosphere of hostility and prejudice between Hindus and Muslims. Rather they showed extreme prejudice in distributing powers and justice between these two religious groups and succeeded in creating a sense of hatred and enmity between them. The combined prejudice of the British and the Hindu majority compelled Muslims to demand a separate Muslim state in all those areas where Muslims were in majority. So they started their political struggle under the banner of a political party known as All India Muslim League. A very renowned lawyer Muhammad Ali Jinnah who was affectionately called Qaid-e-Azam(The Great Leader) was the president of the Muslim League. The whole of India believed in his honesty and integrity. Without mincing any words he would speak the truth and would stick to his principled stand. He always spent his own hard-earned money through out his struggle for a separate independent homeland for the Muslims of India. He never spent a penny of the Muslim League Fund or subscription collected from Muslims on himself.

Allama Dr Muhammad Iqbal was a great thinker, philosopher and intellectual mystic. He created a spirit for attaining freedom among Muslim nation through his heart-touching poetry and philosophic prose. His dream of freedom for Muslims and an independent country for them was turned into reality by the great political leader of the time Qaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah on 14th August 1947. Although Qaid-e-Azam was an exemplary leader of Muslim nation but he believed in democratic traditions and culture. Whatever steps he took were with the approval of the Executive Committee or General Council of the Muslim League. He always remained active for promoting democratic values. After the inception of Pakistan while addressing the Constituent Assembly he said,? From now onwards every citizen irrespective of his religion or creed is free. Every Pakistani is an equal citizen of Pakistan and will find no difficulty in practising his religion.

The basic purpose of Pakistan?s formation was that Muslims could fulfil their social obligations freely in the light of their beliefs. They should be free in commerce and trade. They should be able to follow the basic principles of Islam that is justice for every one and for all .Thus this new country would be an example for Muslims and Non-Muslims alike. .In the proposed country the state would take care of every individual. Every citizen of this country would selflessly care for the rights and interest of others. When the people of Pakistan would think in these terms then it would create in them a sense of unity and consensus which ultimately would help in forging unity and brotherhood among Muslims of the world.

Those who dreamt of Pakistan and established this country had big plans and had great expectations that this country and its government would lead the whole world. Allama Iqbal had rightly said:

Learn again the lesson of chivalry and truth
Because you will be called upon to lead the whole world (Iqbal)

Pakistan could only provide the leadership to the world if it had the constitution based on Islam?s golden principles of action, faith, unity and discipline. With Pakistan as the citadel of Islam the whole Muslim world would have become a great and strong block. We Muslims have full faith in that true leader whom all the non believers unanimously called Amin (honest) and Siddiq (True). ?You are honesty and truth personified,? they would say. When standing on a mountain near Mecca he asked the non believers of Mecca that ?If I tell you that on the other side of the mountain there is an army of enemy ready to destroy you, will you believe me?? On this all the elders of Quresh and others said in a single voice,? Yes, we shall believe it because you always speak the truth and shun falsehood. We have full faith in you.? The biggest trait of the Prophet (PBUH)?s personality was that the crowd of non-believers who were used to lying and usurping the rights of others ,perpetuating tyranny on the slaves of the town and embezzling the deposits of tribal people, had full faith in his integrity and virtue. As Muslims we should embody the virtues of the holy prophet but what happened to us? Qaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah got admission in Lincoln?s Inn London only because on its entrance the name of holy prophet had been inscribed on top of the list of the law-givers of the history. Qaid-e-Azam had assessed the greatness of seed and soil from this and raised the slogan of Pakistan and every one supported him. ?Come on we shall achieve Pakistan together?. Pakistan the land of the pure, clean, good and well-mannered people. In it there will be majority of those who believe and follow the holy prophet. This pure land will be inhabited by pure people. The first line of the Pakistan? national anthem also reads as
Pure land-be blessed with happiness

I thought that I should consult Allama Iqbal and try to understand his dream and find out what was in his heart? His Allahabad address and letters addressed to the Qaid-e-Azam all point to the fact that this land had been smeared by the injustices, selfishness, greed and dishonesty of British and Hindus. The only way to cleanse it is that Muslims should live here, practise their culture and civilisation with independence, attend to prayers and with blessing of God make this land clean.

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